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Program Assessment


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Food Aid for Emergencies and Development (Public Law 480 Title II)

This program uses US food to feed and improve the well-being of hungry populations in poor countries. It provides food for emergencies and for preventing famine. It also provides food for development (non-emergency) uses. Food used for development is often sold abroad to get cash to fund development projects.


What This Rating Means


This rating describes a program that needs to set more ambitious goals, achieve better results, improve accountability or strengthen its management practices.
  • This program is run by the US Agency for International Development, which has a new strategic plan to improve food security in countries prone to hunger and famine. The new plan is expected be implemented to ensure that emergency and development food aid programs target the highest priority needs.
  • In general, food aid is not well-integrated or coordinated with other US Agency for International Development resources. For instance, the Agency lacks sufficient coordination internally and with other donors to adequately address the policies and practices that make certain countries prone to famine.
  • The program would be more cost-effective if several congressional mandates were eliminated. For example, requirements that compel the use of US flagged vessels increase delivery cost and time. The requirement to use only US food reduces flexibility to provide food how and when it may be most needed for emergencies.

Improvement Plan

About Improvement Plans

We are taking the following actions to improve the performance of the program:

  • Ensuring that emergency and development food aid are directed towards the highest priority needs and that contingency planning allows this program to address unanticipated needs throughout the year.
  • Developing new indicators for food security that encompass both emergency and development food aid programs, including tracking across-the-board progress in countries and overall.
  • Taking steps to better integrate food security issues and food aid into overall Agency planning in Washington and at its missions abroad and with donors, including addressing root causes of famine.

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