A Look Back at America’s Commitment to Helping the Most Vulnerable

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A Look Back at America’s Commitment to Helping the Most Vulnerable

Summary: 
Throughout our history, Americans have stepped up to help the world's most vulnerable.
Welcoming the world’s vulnerable who seek the safety of America is not new to us. We've safely welcomed 3 million refugees since 1975.
President Obama

 

Right now, the world is witnessing one of the worst refugee crises in history. Be it due to violence, persecution, or natural disaster, 60 million men, women, and children have been forced to flee their homes through no fault of their own. It would be a betrayal of our values as Americans if we fail to aid these refugees when we know we can help them. After all, that's who we are. 

Throughout our history, the United States has provided refuge to the world's most vulnerable while ensuring the safety and security of the American people. Here are just a few photos that show these moments: 

World War I

After the horrors of World War I, posters like this one, captured America’s attention.

Armenian Refugee
"You won't let me starve will you? I am little Shushan from Armenia. My home has been Destroyed, Father was taken away, Mother starved because she gave me all the food. I am so hungry and cold. Thousands of other children are hungry and cold, too. The opportunity for our Sunday School. 17 cents a day- $5.00 a month- $60.00 a year will save a life! Make contributions to American Committee for Armenian and Syrian relief. Cleveland H. Dodge, Treasurer, One Madison Avenue, New York."

As awareness spread of misfortune overseas, Americans mobilized to help. This is a photo from 1918 of children making toys for their beleaguered counterparts overseas.

WorldWarIToys
"While schools were closed during the influenza epidemic, American children made toys for their unfortunate brothers and sisters overseas. Mountain Division, Denver, Colorado."


World War II

After the Allies succeeded in their World War II efforts, a post-war humanitarian crisis, where millions were left homeless, ensued. At the time, the United States was leading the international refugee effort, but due to political resistance, America was unable to provide a safe haven for millions of displaced persons.

However, in 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt recognized the need to ameliorate the refugee crisis. He helped to create the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), which worked to “plan, coordinate, administer or arrange for relief of victims of war” in UN-controlled areas with “food, fuel, clothing, shelter, and other basic necessities, medical and other essential services.” The UNRRA later became the United Nations International Refugee Organization (IRO), an international organization that was largely influenced U.S. funding and policy.

YoungMichaelPupa
Michael Pupa, at age 13, taken at a displaced persons camp in 1951. His story was one of 31 stories told in the exhibit, "Attachments: Faces and Stories for America's Gates," which ran from June 15 to September 4, 2012, in Washington, D.C. (Records of U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, RG 466)

With the help of U.S. agencies, 12-year old Michael Pupa was able to find a family and a home with foster parents in Cleveland, Ohio after eight years of running from Nazi persecution. Mr. Pupa now resides near Cleveland with his wife, Anita and his two children, Jill and Marc.

Pupa Family
Michael Pupa's family in Orange, Ohio, in June 2012: Jill, Michael, Marc, and Anita. (Courtesy of the Michael Pupa family)

Vietnam War

Between 1975 and 1979, some 300,000 Vietnamese and Cambodian refugees fled political chaos and were admitted to America through Presidential action. The next year, Congress passed the Refugee Act of 1980, which established a secure system for reviewing and adjusting the refugee ceiling to meet emergencies head-on while ensuring public safety.

South China Sea
In the South China Sea, crewmen of the amphibious cargo ship USS Durham (LKA-114) take Vietnamese refugees aboard a small craft. The refugees will be transferred later by mechanized landing craft (LCM) to the freighter Transcolorado. 4/3/1975. General Records of the Department of the Navy, National Archives Identifier 558518

President Gerald R. Ford

On April 3, 1975, mounting evidence alluded to the imminent fall of South Vietnam. With the fear of political retribution looming, President Gerald R. Ford authorized the evacuation of thousands of Vietnamese orphans to the United States. Between April 3 and April 15, approximately 2,000 orphans were transported to the United States in what would later be known as Operation Babylift.

Gerald Ford
Photograph of President Gerald R. Ford Talking to a Woman Refugee while Holding a Vietnamese Baby on a United States Air Force Bus

First Lady Rosalynn Carter

Immediately after the fall of South Vietnam, thousands of refugees fled to the Sa Kaeo Refugee Camp. Three years later, First Lady Rosalynn Carter, followed by over one hundred reporters, came to visit the refugee camp. She spread awareness around the world about a distressed people who were shunned by their neighbors. The attention she helped bring to that camp galvanized desperately-needed international aid. By 1995, the United States government had accepted nearly 500,000 refugees.

First Lady Carter
First Lady Rosalynn Carter visits a Refugee Camp in Sa Kas, Thailand on November 9, 1979.

President Bill Clinton

After the darkest days of the Kosovo War, nearly 1 million individuals had been displaced by the crisis. Under the leadership of President Bill Clinton, the United States provided approximately 3,100 tons of food to refugees and over $5 billion in peacekeeping costs. America led an effort that ensured Eastern European refugees were well-fed and well-protected.

Clinton Kosovar
Photograph of President William Jefferson Clinton greeting Kosovar refugees at the Stenkovic 1 Refugee Camp in Macedonia.

First Lady Laura Bush

Mrs. Laura Bush continued First Lady Rosalynn Carter's legacy in South East Asia by visiting Thailand's Sa Kas Refugee camp in 2008. During the trip, First Lady Laura Bush noted that since 2005, more than 30,000 Burmese refugees have found shelter in the United States. 

Bush
Mrs. Laura Bush and Daughter, Barbara Visit Mae La Refugee Camp in Thailand

President Obama has led the effort to continue this American legacy of humanitarian assistance.

In addition to the $4.5 billion in humanitarian assistance to help meet the urgent needs of those affected by the conflict, the President has committed to resettle at least 10,000 Syrian refugees in the United States by next year while still ensuring our safety.

But the President is not alone. 

Americans like Jill are asking what they can to help Syrians and other refugees in need.

Americans like Jill are asking what they can do to help Syrians and other refugees in need. 

Join them – enter your location into this map to find volunteer opportunities at organizations that are helping refugees start fresh in your community.

Michael Lomio and Sandra Shim are interns in the Office of Digital Strategy